Dental surgery deals with surgical treatment of teeth, bones of the jaw and soft tissues. These procedures are often carried out to prepare the patient for implant insertion.
All surgeries are performed in anaesthesia, therefore, they are entirely painless. The patients’ comfort is extremely important to us.
Non-traumatic tooth extraction
Our dental clinic offers non-traumatic tooth extraction using the advances in microsurgery. It is especially important before the implantation procedure. The extraction is performed in a way that minimises tissue disruption, provides maximum protection for the bones and leaves the alveolar process intact. During the procedure, the dentist uses a microscope, which ensures excellent operating precision. This results in smaller post-surgical wounds than after classic extraction, faster healing and good aesthetic effects.
In the case of bone shrinkage, the bone augmentation procedure must be performed to restore bone tissue. Augmentation is often applied in implantology and it enables successful implant insertion. The following restoration methods are used: controlled bone regeneration and raising of the bottom of the maxillary sinus.
Controlled bone regeneration
Controlled bone regeneration utilises bone-forming agents and bone replacements. They form the basis for bone tissue that is to be restored and fill the bone loss. The surgeon cuts the gingiva, reveals the bone and applies bone-forming material in appropriate site. A membrane is placed to protect the site during the regeneration process. When the bone is rebuilt, the operation site is opened again and covered with gingiva.
Raising of the bottom of the maxillary sinus
Another procedure carried out before implant insertion is the raising of the bottom of the maxillary sinus. It separated the sinuses over the upper teeth from the dental roots. In this case the bone-forming material is applied between the bottom of the sinus and the border of the alveolar process bone. It thickens the patient’s bone so that the implant can be inserted safely.
Tooth extraction, including the removal of arrested eighth teeth, is also regarded as a surgical procedure. Tooth extraction is performed in anaesthesia so, during the procedure (which is usually short), does not feel any pain or discomfort. The procedure is preceded by taking an x-ray. The dentist loosens the tooth in its pocket, removes it and then stitches the gingiva. Patients are always provided with detailed postoperative guidelines.
Eighth tooth filing
The procedure of removing arrested eighth teeth, i.e. Eighth tooth filing, requires uncovering of the operating site in order to reveal the tooth under the gingiva. The eighth tooth causes pain and distorts the smile aesthetics, that is why their extraction is so important.
Resection of the root apex
Our dental clinic also offers root apex resection. The procedure is carried out when the periapical lesions exceed 10 mm or when there is inflammation in the top of a apex of a dead tooth root. The surgeon cuts the mucous membrane just by the apex, resects the affected fragment and a bone window. Then it is necessary to feel the canal with bone replacement material.